Unique footage confirms that at least four wolf pups were born this spring in the Kokořínsko-Mácha's Region (in the Central Bohemia). They were recorded by the camera trap of Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic (Administration of PLA Kokořínsko-Mácha's Region) which is installed in the heart of National Nature Reserve Břehyně-Pecopala. These are the first images of this year's young wolves.
We have already informed here that the populations of large carnivores in Europe are recovering and that they are gradually returning to their former home range. This is also true for the brown bear (Ursus arctos) – currently the continent’s most abundant large carnivore. It is present in 26 European countries where it inhabits a wide range of habitats including relatively densely populated agricultural landscapes.
After decades of persecution and extermination of large carnivores in Europe, their populations have started to recover. This is partially due to the improved legal protection in most European countries. We now see that large carnivores are recolonizing their former ranges both naturally and through reintroduction; however, they are confronted with a human-dominated landscape, where their habitats are diminished and fragmented as a result of direct destruction and the development of roads and railways.
The Bohemian Forest, Beskydy, Javorníky and Novohradské Mountains, newly also Jeseníky and Jizera Mountains - these are just some of the areas which became the permanent or temporary home of our largest secretive cat - the Eurasian lynx. The latest estimates indicate that about eighty lynx inhabit the territory of the Czech Republic.
The 32nd monitoring of lynx, wolves and bears, which took place in the Beskydy area this February, confirmed that in recent years the numbers of these rare animals have stagnated. It has been roughly estimated that the Moravian-Silesian Beskydy and Javorníky Mountains host at least 10 adult lynx, 5 sub-adults and 3 wolves.
Since autumn 2015, Friends of the Earth Czech Republic (local organization Olomouc), in co-operation with the volunteer participants of “Wolf Patrols” and regional partners, are searching in the wider area of the Jeseníky Mountains for evidence of the presence of large carnivores and wildcats. Several months of fieldwork provided the credible evidence of lynx and wolf presence in the Olomouc region.
Although Eurasian lynx is still among the endangered species, recent reports invite some optimism. A study published at the end of 2014 in the prestigious magazine Science (with contribution of experts from Friends of the Earth Czech Republic) shows that in the 21st century, the populations of lynx and other large carnivores in many parts of Europe were stable or gradually increasing.
Razor wire between European countries endangers wildlife: statement by IUCN WCPA Transboundary Conservation Specialist Group
In the last few months, more than 500,000 refugees and migrants from Syria and other Middle Eastern countries passed through Croatia in search of security and a better life in Germany and other European countries. In an attempt to control the further influx of migrants, Hungary started erecting razor-barbed wire fence along its boundary with Croatia in October 2015.
Support the unique project of protection of lynx, wolves and bears in the Beskydy Mountains. In past centuries these carnivores were exterminated and their return needs our help. Local group of Friends of the Earth Czech Republic realize conservation activities focused on field monitoring, education of stakeholders and prevention of poaching.